On Gangs

On Gangs Hinweise und Aktionen

Ross Kemp widmet sich gefährlichen Straßengangs, um deren Machenschaften zu durchleuchten. Hier werden sowohl die Gang-Mitglieder, ihre politischen Freunde und die kaukasischen Opfer gezeigt und interviewt. Erfreulicherweise hat die dvd englischen. Entdecken Sie Ross Kemp On Gangs LA Bulgaria Belize Kenya [UK Import] und weitere TV-Serien auf DVD- & Blu-ray in unserem vielfältigen Angebot. Scholars have routinely documented the connection between street gangs and violence, including how street gangs use particular mediums (e.g. Depending on the researcher' s point of view this can extend from (delinquent and nondelinquent) gangs, conflict gangs (Decker, ), wilding groups .

On Gangs

For the purposes of this paper, Miller's () definition of “youth gang" is Excluded are motorcycle gangs, prison gangs, racial supremacists, and other. Depending on the researcher' s point of view this can extend from (delinquent and nondelinquent) gangs, conflict gangs (Decker, ), wilding groups . The paper also touches on how gang-related violence and government policies designed to combat gangs may cause displacement and lead to asylum claims.

Sometimes you can be forced to commit a crime or do things that are unsafe. If a gang carries knives or other weapons , they might get them out to show off or intimidate people.

This can be very scary for other people, especially if they think the gang will use them. Need to talk it through?

Check out our message boards. Hanging out with your friends can be a good way to get to know each other and share hobbies and interests.

But it can become dangerous if you join a gang that does illegal things like theft or gun and knife crime.

Being in a gang isn't against the law. But being involved with illegal activities that some gangs do could be an offence. If you want to report a crime or talk about something illegal that has happened, you can call Crimestoppers anonymously on Some gangs are involved in crime , drugs , violence and other illegal activities.

If you're part of a gang like this it can be dangerous. It is important to think about your future and how being in a gang can affect your life.

For example, not being able to finish school or college, not being able to get a job and not being able to ever feel safe.

You can also talk to a Childline counsellor in private at any time. If you have seen or been involved in something in a gang, reporting it can feel scary and confusing.

You might worry about getting into trouble or making things worse. It's important to think about your future , your safety and what feels right for you.

You don't have to deal with this on your own. Find out more about police in your area. You can get free legal advice from Children's Legal Centre or talk to a Childline counsellor for support.

Childline can help you find a way to report things. Find out more about the law and who to talk to. You may want to think about the positive things in your life and want you want your future to be like.

It can be really worrying if you know someone who is in a gang and you want to help them. You don't have to cope with things on your own, you can talk to a counsellor to get help.

Find out more about helping a friend. When I wanted to get out of a gang I stopped taking calls or replying to texts from people in the gang.

I also made sure my family said I was not at home when they came looking for me. After a short while, they got the message and stopped contacting me.

It's fine to go out with a group of friends, but it's important to think about what you look like to other people. If you aren't doing anything wrong then you don't need to worry.

There are things you can do to make sure that people know you are not doing any harm:. Some people can feel intimidated and scared of gangs especially if the gang is involved in violence or crime.

They'll support you and you can talk about anything. Check out our ListenToYourSelfie campaign and get advice about relationships.

Gangsline gives free advice and support from ex-gang members. The Victim's Code explains what support you should get if you've experienced crime.

Thanks for giving us feedback! We always love to hear what you think, and we make changes to improve Childline based on the things you tell us.

You haven't used the Childline website for a while. To protect your privacy we'll log you out soon. If you're waiting for a chat or in the middle of writing or drawing something, click on the "keep me logged in" button.

Go to chat. It looks like you have JavaScript turned off To use this website, please enable JavaScript in your browser. Online chat: 0 mins 0 secs You are talking to a counsellor.

Thanks for waiting. Welcome to your chat. Exit chat. Chat ready: please press 'Go to chat' and your counsellor will be there The counsellor can wait up to 2 minutes.

You are now in the waiting room. Site search Search box Search. Gangs A gang can be a group of mates who hang around together. On this page Why do people join gangs?

Gangs and the law How can I leave a gang? How can I help someone in a gang? I'm scared of gangs, what can I do? WHat is a gang? Being in a gang can make you feel part of something or that you belong.

Why do people join gangs? Comparison of Global School-based Student Health Survey GSHS data on school violence and bullying for countries that are particularly affected by gang violence suggests that the links may be limited.

In El Salvador and Guatemala, for example, where gang violence is a serious problem, GSHS data show that the prevalence of bullying, physical fights and physical attacks reported by school students is relatively low, and is similar to prevalence in other countries in Central America where gang violence is less prevalent.

Women in gang culture are often in environments where sexual assault is common and considered to be a norm.

A girl who becomes intoxicated and flirts with men is often seen as "asking for it" and is written off as a "hoe" by men and women.

Most modern research on gangs has focused on the thesis of class struggle following the work of Walter B.

Miller and Irving Spergel. In this body of work The Gaylords are cited as the prime example of an American gang that is neither black nor hispanic.

Some researchers have focused on ethnic factors. Frederic Thrasher , who was a pioneer of gang research, identified "demoralization" as a standard characteristic of gangs.

John Hagedorn has argued that this is one of three concepts that shed light on patterns of organization in oppressed racial, religious and ethnic groups the other two are Manuel Castells ' theory of "resistance identity and Derrick Bell 's work on the permanence of racism.

Usually, gangs have gained the most control in poorer, urban communities and developing countries in response to unemployment and other services.

Ethnic solidarity is a common factor in gangs. Black and Hispanic gangs formed during the s in the USA often adapted nationalist rhetoric.

Responding to an increasing black and Hispanic migration, a white gang formed called Chicago Gaylords.

Most gang members have identifying characteristics which are unique to their specific clique or gang. Any disrespect of a gang member's color by an unaffiliated individual is regarded as grounds for violent retaliation, often by multiple members of the offended gang.

Tattoos are also common identifiers, [79] such as an '18' above the eyebrow to identify a member of the 18th Street gang.

Tattoos help a gang member gain respect within their group, and mark them as members for life. Tattoos can also represent the level they are in the gang, being that certain tattoos can mean they are a more accomplished member.

The accomplishments can be related to doing an dangerous act that showed your loyalty to the gang.

They can be burned on as well as inked. Some gangs make use of more than one identifier, like the Nortenos , who wear red bandanas and have "14", "XIV", "x4", and "Norte" tattoos.

Gangs often establish distinctive, characteristic identifiers including graffiti tags [81] colors , hand signals , clothing for example, the gangsta rap -type hoodies , jewelry, hair styles, fingernails, slogans, [82] signs such as the noose and the burning cross as the symbols of the Klan , [83] flags [84] secret greetings, slurs , or code words and other group-specific symbols associated with the gang's common beliefs, rituals , and mythologies to define and differentiate themselves from other groups and gangs.

As an alternative language, hand-signals, symbols, and slurs in speech, graffiti , print, music, or other mediums communicate specific informational cues used to threaten, disparage, taunt , harass , intimidate , alarm, influence, [86] or exact specific responses including obedience, submission, fear, or terror.

One study focused on terrorism and symbols states that "[s]ymbolism is important because it plays a part in impelling the terrorist to act and then in defining the targets of their actions.

The Internet is one of the most significant media used by gangs to communicate in terms of the size of the audience they can reach with minimal effort and reduced risk.

Gangs use the Internet to communicate with each other, facilitate criminal activity, spread their message and culture around the nation [ which?

As Internet pages like YouTube, Twitter and Facebook become more popular, law enforcement works to understand how to conduct investigations related to gang activity in an online environment.

In most cases the police can and will get the information they need, however this requires police officers and federal agents to make formal legal requests for information in a timely manner, which typically requires a search warrant or subpoena to compel the service providers to supply the needed information.

A grand jury subpoena or administrative subpoena , court order, search warrant; or user consent is needed to get this information pursuant to the Electronic Communication Privacy Act, Title 18 U.

Most gang members have personal web pages or some type of social networking internet account or chat room where they post photos and videos and talk openly about their gang exploits.

The majority of the service providers that gang members use are free social networking sites that allow users to create their own profile pages, which can include lists of their favorite musicians, books and movies, photos of themselves and friends, and links to related web pages.

Many of these services also permit users to send and receive private messages and talk in private chat rooms. Often a police officer may stumble upon one of these pages, or an informant can give access to the local gang page.

Alternatively, they will have to formally request the needed information. It is important to know the law, and understand what the police can get service providers to do and what their capabilities are.

It is also important to understand how gang members use the Internet and how the police can use their desire to be recognized and respected in their sub-culture against them.

In the UK context , law enforcement agencies are increasingly focusing enforcement efforts on gangs and gang membership. However debate persists over the extent and nature of gang activity in the UK, [90] [91] with some academics and policy-makers arguing that the current focus is inadvisable, given a lack of consensus over the relationship between gangs and crime.

The Runnymede Trust suggests that, despite the well-rehearsed public discourse around youth gangs and "gang culture", "We actually know very little about 'gangs' in the UK: about how 'a gang' might be defined or understood, about what being in 'a gang' means We know still less about how 'the gang' links to levels of youth violence.

Professor Simon Hallsworth argues that, where they exist, gangs in the UK are "far more fluid, volatile and amorphous than the myth of the organized group with a corporate structure".

Cottrell-Boyce, writing in the Youth Justice journal, argues that gangs have been constructed as a "suitable enemy" by politicians and the media, obscuring the wider, structural roots of youth violence.

At the level of enforcement, a focus on gang membership may be counterproductive; creating confusion and resulting in a drag-net approach which can criminalise innocent young people rather than focusing resources on serious violent crime.

Gang members in uniform use their military knowledge, skills and weapons to commit and facilitate various crimes.

As of April , the NGIC has identified members of at least 53 gangs whose members have served in or are affiliated with US military. In , Scott Barfield, a Defense Department investigator, said there is an online network of gangs and extremists: "They're communicating with each other about weapons, about recruiting, about keeping their identities secret, about organizing within the military.

A Sun-Times article reports that gangs encourage members to enter the military to learn urban warfare techniques to teach other gang members.

The Sun-Times began investigating the gang activity in the military after receiving photos of gang graffiti showing up in Iraq. This article incorporates text from a free content work.

To learn how to add open license text to Wikipedia articles, please see this how-to page. For information on reusing text from Wikipedia , please see the terms of use.

Retrieved October 30, Collins, Angela M. Media related to Gangs organized crime at Wikimedia Commons. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

For other uses, see Gang disambiguation. Violent group of individuals claiming control over a territory.

For the Sesame Street book, see Street Gang. For similar term, see criminal gang. For the Ice-T album, see Gang Culture album.

This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages.

This article includes a list of references , but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations.

April Learn how and when to remove this template message. This article possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations.

Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject.

You may improve this article , discuss the issue on the talk page , or create a new article , as appropriate. September Learn how and when to remove this template message.

This article's lead section does not adequately summarize key points of its contents. Please consider expanding the lead to provide an accessible overview of all important aspects of the article.

Please discuss this issue on the article's talk page. January Further information: Gang population. See also: List of gangs in the United States.

Main article: Gang signal. This section's tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on Wikipedia. See Wikipedia's guide to writing better articles for suggestions.

Main article: Gang presence in the United States military. Encyclopedia of the City. Online Etymology Dictionary. Social origins of dictatorship and democracy: Lord and peasant in the making of the modern world.

Boston: Beacon Press. Gangsterism is likely to crop up wherever the forces of law and order are weak. European feudalism was mainly gangsterism that had become society itself and acquired respectability through the notions of chivalry.

As the rise of feudalism out of the decay of the Roman administrative system shows, this form of self-help which victimizes others is in principle opposed to the workings of a sound bureaucratic system.

Gangs in America's Communities. NBC Chicago. Retrieved London: Observer. Archived from the original on December 13, November Department of Justice.

Retrieved April 1, The New York Times. November 28, Organized Crime and the State in Brazil and Mexico". Journal of Politics in Latin America.

Archived from the original PDF on The Nawojczyk Group, Inc. Washington, DC: U. Gangs: Theory, Practice and Research. Slate Magazine.

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Check out our ListenToYourSelfie campaign and get advice about relationships. Gangsline gives free advice and support from ex-gang members.

The Victim's Code explains what support you should get if you've experienced crime. Thanks for giving us feedback!

We always love to hear what you think, and we make changes to improve Childline based on the things you tell us.

You haven't used the Childline website for a while. To protect your privacy we'll log you out soon. If you're waiting for a chat or in the middle of writing or drawing something, click on the "keep me logged in" button.

Go to chat. It looks like you have JavaScript turned off To use this website, please enable JavaScript in your browser. Online chat: 0 mins 0 secs You are talking to a counsellor.

Thanks for waiting. Welcome to your chat. Exit chat. Chat ready: please press 'Go to chat' and your counsellor will be there The counsellor can wait up to 2 minutes.

You are now in the waiting room. Site search Search box Search. Gangs A gang can be a group of mates who hang around together.

On this page Why do people join gangs? Gangs and the law How can I leave a gang? How can I help someone in a gang? I'm scared of gangs, what can I do?

WHat is a gang? Being in a gang can make you feel part of something or that you belong. Why do people join gangs? Young people join gangs for lots of different reasons.

Some of these include: fitting in with friends and other gang members having the same interests as other people, like sports or music feeling respected and important to be protected from bullying or from other gangs making money from crime or drugs gaining status and feeling powerful.

You don't have to join a gang if you don't feel comfortable or sure about things. Gangs and the law. Is it illegal to be in a gang?

You could go to prison or end up with a criminal record if you're involved with: gun and knife crime violence or harassment turf wars or postcode wars carrying, using or selling drugs theft or other illegal activities rape and sexual assault.

If you have a criminal record you might not be: accepted into a university, college or higher education able to get a job, internship or do work experience allowed to travel to some countries, like the USA.

It's important to think about your future and how being in a gang can affect your life. Worried about violence and illegal things?

It can also mean being: controlled by older members of the gang given money or things you like but this could easily change and you might be treated differently threatened or forced to do things you don't want to do worried about your safety and the safety of your family or friends worried about fights with other gangs.

How do I report something? Here are some ways of reporting things: asking an adult for help , like a family member, youth worker or teacher calling Crimestoppers on or giving information online.

You will be asked questions about what has happened, but you don't have to give your name calling Childline free on or having chat with a counsellor.

It's confidential and you can get in touch at any time. Calls are free, even from mobile phones contacting the police by dialling to report something that already happened.

If it's an emergency or someone is injured or being threatened, you can call for urgent help. The police are there to protect people and help stop crime.

How can I leave a gang? How you leave a gang can depend on what your position is within the gang.

You might worry that: other gangs might still see you as a rival and could try to harm you the people in your gang won't allow you to leave or will make it hard for you your family or friends could be targeted if you leave you won't have any friends or fit in any more you won't feel safe if you're not in the gang.

Some tips to help you leave a gang: try to spend less time with the gang and find friends who are not in gangs try to avoid places where you know the gang will be speak to someone you trust like a family member, teacher or youth worker you can contact Gangsline for free advice and support from ex-gang members you can call the police by dialling for urgent help if you're in danger focus on things that you enjoy like sports, music, reading or find new hobbies.

You could also try: letting the person know how you feel encouraging the person to think about their safety and their future asking an adult for help , like a teacher or parent who you trust contacting Gangsline for free advice and support from ex-gang members encouraging the person to contact Childline calling if you think the person is in danger and needs urgent help.

Ex-gang member. Are all groups gangs? There are things you can do to make sure that people know you are not doing any harm: always let your parents or the person responsible for you know where you are and who you are with what you wear is up to you, but it's worth remembering that if you are wearing hoodies or other clothes that cover your face, it can be worrying to other people, as this is associated with some gangs don't go anywhere that you are not allowed to or trespass on private property respect other people's property don't shout out to people or do anything that might make them feel worried or intimidated if other people try to cause trouble or get you into a fight, walk away or tell someone responsible like an adult you trust.

Gangs: Carly's story Carly joined a gang after being bullied at school but things soon became difficult. Bounce back from bullying Being bullied can make you feel like things can never get better, but we've got a tool to help.

Our confidentiality promise Confidentiality means not telling anyone else what you've told us. Read more. Feedback Form Was this page useful? If so, tell us more.

Feedback Send feedback Thanks for giving us feedback! Get more support. Bullying and cyberbullying If you or someone you know is being bullied, we're here to help.

Friendships Get help with friendship problems. Most gang members have identifying characteristics which are unique to their specific clique or gang.

Any disrespect of a gang member's color by an unaffiliated individual is regarded as grounds for violent retaliation, often by multiple members of the offended gang.

Tattoos are also common identifiers, [79] such as an '18' above the eyebrow to identify a member of the 18th Street gang. Tattoos help a gang member gain respect within their group, and mark them as members for life.

Tattoos can also represent the level they are in the gang, being that certain tattoos can mean they are a more accomplished member. The accomplishments can be related to doing an dangerous act that showed your loyalty to the gang.

They can be burned on as well as inked. Some gangs make use of more than one identifier, like the Nortenos , who wear red bandanas and have "14", "XIV", "x4", and "Norte" tattoos.

Gangs often establish distinctive, characteristic identifiers including graffiti tags [81] colors , hand signals , clothing for example, the gangsta rap -type hoodies , jewelry, hair styles, fingernails, slogans, [82] signs such as the noose and the burning cross as the symbols of the Klan , [83] flags [84] secret greetings, slurs , or code words and other group-specific symbols associated with the gang's common beliefs, rituals , and mythologies to define and differentiate themselves from other groups and gangs.

As an alternative language, hand-signals, symbols, and slurs in speech, graffiti , print, music, or other mediums communicate specific informational cues used to threaten, disparage, taunt , harass , intimidate , alarm, influence, [86] or exact specific responses including obedience, submission, fear, or terror.

One study focused on terrorism and symbols states that "[s]ymbolism is important because it plays a part in impelling the terrorist to act and then in defining the targets of their actions.

The Internet is one of the most significant media used by gangs to communicate in terms of the size of the audience they can reach with minimal effort and reduced risk.

Gangs use the Internet to communicate with each other, facilitate criminal activity, spread their message and culture around the nation [ which?

As Internet pages like YouTube, Twitter and Facebook become more popular, law enforcement works to understand how to conduct investigations related to gang activity in an online environment.

In most cases the police can and will get the information they need, however this requires police officers and federal agents to make formal legal requests for information in a timely manner, which typically requires a search warrant or subpoena to compel the service providers to supply the needed information.

A grand jury subpoena or administrative subpoena , court order, search warrant; or user consent is needed to get this information pursuant to the Electronic Communication Privacy Act, Title 18 U.

Most gang members have personal web pages or some type of social networking internet account or chat room where they post photos and videos and talk openly about their gang exploits.

The majority of the service providers that gang members use are free social networking sites that allow users to create their own profile pages, which can include lists of their favorite musicians, books and movies, photos of themselves and friends, and links to related web pages.

Many of these services also permit users to send and receive private messages and talk in private chat rooms. Often a police officer may stumble upon one of these pages, or an informant can give access to the local gang page.

Alternatively, they will have to formally request the needed information. It is important to know the law, and understand what the police can get service providers to do and what their capabilities are.

It is also important to understand how gang members use the Internet and how the police can use their desire to be recognized and respected in their sub-culture against them.

In the UK context , law enforcement agencies are increasingly focusing enforcement efforts on gangs and gang membership.

However debate persists over the extent and nature of gang activity in the UK, [90] [91] with some academics and policy-makers arguing that the current focus is inadvisable, given a lack of consensus over the relationship between gangs and crime.

The Runnymede Trust suggests that, despite the well-rehearsed public discourse around youth gangs and "gang culture", "We actually know very little about 'gangs' in the UK: about how 'a gang' might be defined or understood, about what being in 'a gang' means We know still less about how 'the gang' links to levels of youth violence.

Professor Simon Hallsworth argues that, where they exist, gangs in the UK are "far more fluid, volatile and amorphous than the myth of the organized group with a corporate structure".

Cottrell-Boyce, writing in the Youth Justice journal, argues that gangs have been constructed as a "suitable enemy" by politicians and the media, obscuring the wider, structural roots of youth violence.

At the level of enforcement, a focus on gang membership may be counterproductive; creating confusion and resulting in a drag-net approach which can criminalise innocent young people rather than focusing resources on serious violent crime.

Gang members in uniform use their military knowledge, skills and weapons to commit and facilitate various crimes.

As of April , the NGIC has identified members of at least 53 gangs whose members have served in or are affiliated with US military.

In , Scott Barfield, a Defense Department investigator, said there is an online network of gangs and extremists: "They're communicating with each other about weapons, about recruiting, about keeping their identities secret, about organizing within the military.

A Sun-Times article reports that gangs encourage members to enter the military to learn urban warfare techniques to teach other gang members.

The Sun-Times began investigating the gang activity in the military after receiving photos of gang graffiti showing up in Iraq. This article incorporates text from a free content work.

To learn how to add open license text to Wikipedia articles, please see this how-to page. For information on reusing text from Wikipedia , please see the terms of use.

Retrieved October 30, Collins, Angela M. Media related to Gangs organized crime at Wikimedia Commons. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

For other uses, see Gang disambiguation. Violent group of individuals claiming control over a territory. For the Sesame Street book, see Street Gang.

For similar term, see criminal gang. For the Ice-T album, see Gang Culture album. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page.

Learn how and when to remove these template messages. This article includes a list of references , but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations.

Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. April Learn how and when to remove this template message.

This article possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations.

Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject.

You may improve this article , discuss the issue on the talk page , or create a new article , as appropriate. September Learn how and when to remove this template message.

This article's lead section does not adequately summarize key points of its contents. Please consider expanding the lead to provide an accessible overview of all important aspects of the article.

Please discuss this issue on the article's talk page. January Further information: Gang population. See also: List of gangs in the United States.

Main article: Gang signal. This section's tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on Wikipedia. See Wikipedia's guide to writing better articles for suggestions.

Main article: Gang presence in the United States military. Encyclopedia of the City. Online Etymology Dictionary. Social origins of dictatorship and democracy: Lord and peasant in the making of the modern world.

Boston: Beacon Press. Gangsterism is likely to crop up wherever the forces of law and order are weak. European feudalism was mainly gangsterism that had become society itself and acquired respectability through the notions of chivalry.

As the rise of feudalism out of the decay of the Roman administrative system shows, this form of self-help which victimizes others is in principle opposed to the workings of a sound bureaucratic system.

Gangs in America's Communities. NBC Chicago. Retrieved London: Observer. Archived from the original on December 13, November Department of Justice.

Retrieved April 1, The New York Times. November 28, Organized Crime and the State in Brazil and Mexico". Journal of Politics in Latin America.

Archived from the original PDF on The Nawojczyk Group, Inc. Washington, DC: U. Gangs: Theory, Practice and Research. Slate Magazine. Crime in a Canadian context.

Mexican American Girls and Gang Violence. The Guardian. Retrieved May 3, Annual Review of Anthropology. National Gang Center.

ABC News. Retrieved 7 May Geneva: WHO. Preventing youth violence: an overview of the evidence. World Health Organization.

Aggression and Violent Behavior : 33, pp. Retrieved February 19, Everett Police Department.

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